一次性投标和两阶段投标

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一次性投标和两阶段投标

One-time tender and two-stage tender
一次性投标是投标人选择一种投标方式,依照规则的投标顺序,招招标单方一次性完成买卖的投标方式。两阶段投标是把同一个项目分两次停止开标评标,招招标单方经过两个阶段完成买卖的投标方式。两阶段投标普通适用于工程项目投资额宏大,或项目技术程度较高,或项目复杂性特殊性要求的,是投标人降低投资风险的重要手腕。如大宗的技术性较强的推销项目,投标人选定一种投标方式后,阶段投标,从招标方案中优选技术设计方案,一致技术规范、规格和要求的技术标的投标活动;第二阶段依照一致确定的设计方案或技术规范,组织项目终极投标和招标报价,即停止商务标的投标活动。
One-time bidding is a bidding method that the bidder chooses to complete one-time business by bidding unilaterally according to the bidding order of the rules. Two-stage bidding is a bidding method in which the same project is stopped to open bids and evaluate bids in two stages, and the bidding party completes the sale and purchase in two stages. Two-stage bidding is generally applicable to the large investment amount of a project, or to the high technical level of the project, or to the special requirements of the complexity of the project. It is an important means for bidders to reduce the investment risk. For a large number of promotional projects with strong technical nature, after the bidder chooses a bidding method, the first stage of bidding shall optimize the technical design scheme from the bidding scheme and conform to the technical specifications, specifications and requirements of the technical tender; the second stage shall organize the final bidding and tender quotation of the project in accordance with the uniformly determined design scheme or technical specifications, that is, to stop the bidding of the commercial tender. Activities.
依照招招标活动施行阶段划分,以建立工程施工项目爲例,招招标活动普通分爲四个阶段:
According to the implementation stage of bidding activities, taking the construction project as an example, bidding activities are generally divided into four stages:
1、投标预备阶段。投标人填写《建立工程投标请求书》,报有关部门审批;获准后组织投标班子和评标委员会;编制投标文件和标底;发布投标公告;审定招标单位;发放投标文件;组织投标会议和现场勘察;承受招标文件。
1. Preparatory stage of bidding. The bidder fills in the Request for Establishment of Project Bidding and submits it to the relevant departments for examination and approval; organizes the bidding team and the bid evaluation committee after approval; prepares the bidding documents and the bid base; publishes the tender announcement; examines and approves the bidding units; issues the bidding documents; organizes the bidding meeting and on-site investigation; and bears the bidding documents.
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2、招标预备阶段。依据投标公告或投标单位的约请,选择契合本单位施工才能的工程,向投标单位提交招标意向,并提供资历证明文件和材料;资历预审经过后,组织招标班子,跟踪招标项目,购置投标文件;参与投标会议和现场勘察;编制招标文件,并在规则工夫内报送给投标单位。
2. Preparatory stage of bidding. According to the tender announcement or the invitation of the bidding unit, select the project that meets the construction ability of the bidding unit, submit the tender intention to the bidding unit, and provide qualifications certification documents and materials; organize the bidding team after the qualifications pre-examination, follow up the bidding project and purchase the bidding documents; participate in the bidding meeting and on-site investigation; prepare the bidding documents and submit the bidding documents to the bidding unit within the regular time. Position.
3、开标评标阶段。依照投标公告规则的工夫、地点,投标人、招标方派代表列席开标大会,并有公证人在场的状况下,按顺序要求当众开标;评标委员会对招标方停止询标、评标;招标方做好询标解答预备,承受询标质疑;等候评标决标。
3. Bid opening and evaluation stage. In accordance with the time and place of bidding announcement rules, bidders and tenderers shall send representatives to attend the bid opening meeting and, in the presence of notaries, request public bidding in accordance with the order; the bid evaluation committee shall stop inquiring and evaluating bidders; the tenderer shall make preparations for answering the inquiry and accept the inquiry and challenge; and wait for the bid evaluation and final bidding.
4、定标签约阶段。评标委员会提出评标意见,报送下级主管部门同意;根据定标内容向中标单位收回《中标告诉书》;中标单位接到告诉书后,在规则的期限内与投标单位签署工程项目合同。
4. Labelling and contracting stage. The bid evaluation committee shall submit its evaluation opinions and submit them to the competent authorities at lower levels for approval; withdraw the Notice of Acceptance of Bid from the winning bidder according to the content of the bid evaluation; and after receiving the Notice of Acceptance, the winning bidder shall sign the project contract with the bidder within the time limit of the rules.
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