One-time tender and two-stage tender
One-time bidding is a bidding method that the bidder chooses to complete one-time business by bidding unilaterally according to the bidding order of the rules. Two-stage bidding is a bidding method in which the same project is stopped to open bids and evaluate bids in two stages, and the bidding party completes the sale and purchase in two stages. Two-stage bidding is generally applicable to the large investment amount of a project, or to the high technical level of the project, or to the special requirements of the complexity of the project. It is an important means for bidders to reduce the investment risk. For a large number of promotional projects with strong technical nature, after the bidder chooses a bidding method, the first stage of bidding shall optimize the technical design scheme from the bidding scheme and conform to the technical specifications, specifications and requirements of the technical tender; the second stage shall organize the final bidding and tender quotation of the project in accordance with the uniformly determined design scheme or technical specifications, that is, to stop the bidding of the commercial tender. Activities.
According to the implementation stage of bidding activities, taking the construction project as an example, bidding activities are generally divided into four stages:
1. Preparatory stage of bidding. The bidder fills in the Request for Establishment of Project Bidding and submits it to the relevant departments for examination and approval; organizes the bidding team and the bid evaluation committee after approval; prepares the bidding documents and the bid base; publishes the tender announcement; examines and approves the bidding units; issues the bidding documents; organizes the bidding meeting and on-site investigation; and bears the bidding documents.
2. Preparatory stage of bidding. According to the tender announcement or the invitation of the bidding unit, select the project that meets the construction ability of the bidding unit, submit the tender intention to the bidding unit, and provide qualifications certification documents and materials; organize the bidding team after the qualifications pre-examination, follow up the bidding project and purchase the bidding documents; participate in the bidding meeting and on-site investigation; prepare the bidding documents and submit the bidding documents to the bidding unit within the regular time. Position.
3. Bid opening and evaluation stage. In accordance with the time and place of bidding announcement rules, bidders and tenderers shall send representatives to attend the bid opening meeting and, in the presence of notaries, request public bidding in accordance with the order; the bid evaluation committee shall stop inquiring and evaluating bidders; the tenderer shall make preparations for answering the inquiry and accept the inquiry and challenge; and wait for the bid evaluation and final bidding.
4. Labelling and contracting stage. The bid evaluation committee shall submit its evaluation opinions and submit them to the competent authorities at lower levels for approval; withdraw the Notice of Acceptance of Bid from the winning bidder according to the content of the bid evaluation; and after receiving the Notice of Acceptance, the winning bidder shall sign the project contract with the bidder within the time limit of the rules.
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