招标根底知识及暖通空调类标书的制造与留意事项

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2018-12-14

招标根底知识及暖通空调类标书的制造与留意事项
Fundamental knowledge of bidding and matters needing attention in the manufacture of HVAC tenders
招标,其全称爲投标招标,是一种因投标人的要约,引发招标人的承诺,经过投标人的择优选定,终极构成协议和合同关系的对等主体之间的经济活动进程。
Bidding, which is called bid invitation, is a kind of economic activity process between the counterparts of the agreement and contract relationship, which is caused by the tenderer's offer and the tenderer's commitment. After the selection and selection of the bidder, it finally constitutes the economic activity process between the counterparts of the agreement and the contract relationship.
投标人,也叫投标推销人,是采用投标方式停止货物、工程或效劳推销的法人和其他社会经济组织。
Bidders, also known as bidding salesmen, are legal persons and other social and economic organizations that stop selling goods, projects or services by means of bidding.
招标人是指呼应投标、参与招标竞争的法人或许其他组织。其中,那些对投标公告或约请感兴味的能够参与招标的人称爲潜在招标人,只要那些呼应并参与招标的潜在招标人才干称爲招标人。
The tenderer refers to a legal person or other organization that responds to the bidding and participates in the bidding competition. Among them, those who are interested in the tender announcement or invitation are called potential bidders, as long as those potential bidders who echo and participate in the tender are called bidders.
专业标书制作公司
投标方与招标方买卖的项目统称爲“标的”。招招标买卖的项目分类爲工程类、货物类、效劳类。工程类项目“标的”指的是项目的工程设计、土建施工、成套设备、装置调试等外容。货物类项目“标的”指的是拟推销商品规格、型号、功能、质量要求等。效劳类项目“标的”指的是效劳要保证的内容、范围、质量要求等。效劳包括除工程和货物以外的各类社会效劳、金融效劳、科技效劳、商业效劳等,包括与工程建立项目有关的投融资、项目后期评价征询、勘察设计、工程监理、项目管理效劳等。效劳投标中还包括各类资产一切权、资源运营权和运用权出让投标,如企业资产或股权转让、土地运用权出让、根底设备特许运营权、科研效果与技术转让以及其他资源运用权的出让投标等。
Items bought and sold by bidders and tenderers are collectively referred to as "tenders". Items for bidding and buying are classified as engineering, goods and services. The "target" of engineering projects refers to the engineering design, civil construction, complete sets of equipment, device debugging and other contents of the project. Goods items "subject matter" refers to the specifications, models, functions, quality requirements of the goods to be promoted. "Subject" of service items refers to the content, scope and quality requirements of service to be guaranteed. Services include all kinds of social services, financial services, scientific and technological services, commercial services, etc. Besides engineering and goods, including investment and financing related to construction projects, project post-evaluation consulting, survey and design, project supervision, project management services, etc. Service tender also includes all kinds of asset ownership, resource operation right and use right transfer tender, such as enterprise assets or equity transfer, land use right transfer, basic equipment franchise operation right, scientific research effect and technology transfer and other resources use right transfer tender.
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