投标文件的商务报价标编制的特点介绍

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2020-06-29

通常,商务标包括报价及价格组成两大部分,投标人要紧紧围绕评标办法,综合考虑自身成本、市场等因素综合确定投标报价策略。在报价时要注意以下几点:

Generally, the commercial bid includes quotation and price composition. The bidder should determine the bidding strategy based on the bid evaluation method and considering its own cost, market and other factors. Pay attention to the following points when quoting:
慎用低价策略。根据《中华人民共和国招标投标法》和国家七部委12号令《评审委员会和评审方法暂行规定》规定,投标人不得以低于成本的报价竞标。在评审过程中,评标委员会发现投标人的报价明显低于其他投标报价,或明显低于标底的,使得其投标报价可能低于其个别成本的,应当要求投标人做出书面说明并提供有关证明材料。
Use low price strategy carefully. According to the "law of the people's Republic of China on Tendering and bidding" and "Interim Provisions on Evaluation Committee and evaluation methods" issued by order No. 12 of the seven ministries and commissions of the people's Republic of China, bidders shall not bid at a price lower than the cost. In the process of evaluation, if the bid evaluation committee finds that the quotation of the bidder is obviously lower than that of other bids, or obviously lower than the base bid price, which may make the bid price lower than its individual cost, the bid evaluation committee shall require the bidder to make a written explanation and provide relevant supporting materials.
人不能提供合理说明,或不能提供相关证明材料的,由评标委员会认定其低于成本报价竞标,其投标做废标处理。因此投标人采用低价竞标策略应十分谨慎,不要为得高分而盲目压价。如确因个别成本低于社会平均成本,要在投标文件中有合理的说明,提供相关证明资料,并充分做好应对评审委员会质询澄清的准备,否则有可能被废标处理。
If the bidder fails to provide reasonable explanation or relevant supporting materials, the bid evaluation committee shall determine that the bid is lower than the cost quotation, and the bid shall be rejected. Therefore, the bidder should be very cautious in using the low price bidding strategy, and do not blindly lower the price for high score. If the individual cost is lower than the social average cost, reasonable explanation shall be provided in the tender documents, relevant supporting materials shall be provided, and full preparation shall be made for the inquiry and clarification of the evaluation committee, otherwise, the bid may be abandoned.
代做标书
严格对照招标清单报价。投标人应严格对照招标人提供的招标内容清单进行报价,不要有侥幸心理,耍“小聪明”。在工程量清单招标中,修改招标人发布的工程量清单是被严格禁止的,但个别投标人故意修改或减少清单数量妄图以此提高单价,此类“作弊”行为很容易被评审委员会识破,无疑将被“废标”处理。还有的投标人故意制造“数量×单价>合价”、“分项合计>总计”之类算术错误以提高分项报价,企图既得高分,又提高报价,但结果往往是“偷鸡不成蚀把米”。因为《评审委员会和评审方法暂行规定》明确规定,单价报价与合价报价不一致的,以单价金额为准;分项报价与总价报价不一致的,以分项报价为准;大小写金额不一致的,以大写金额为准。而且评审委员会可以要求投标人对文字和计算错误按以上原则进行澄清,投标人澄清不符合上述规定,或拒绝澄清的,可以否决其投标。
Offer in strict accordance with the bidding list. The bidder shall quote in strict accordance with the list of bidding contents provided by the bid inviting party, and shall not have a fluke mind and play "smart". In the bidding of bill of quantities, it is strictly forbidden to modify the bill of quantities issued by the bidder. However, some bidders intentionally modify or reduce the quantity of the bill in order to increase the unit price. Such "cheating" behavior is easy to be detected by the evaluation committee and will undoubtedly be treated as "abandoned bid". Other bidders deliberately make arithmetic errors such as "quantity × unit price > total price", "total items > total" to improve the itemized price, trying to get high scores and increase the price, but the result is often "stealing chicken does not eat rice". Because "Interim Provisions on Evaluation Committee and evaluation methods" clearly stipulates that if the unit price quotation is inconsistent with the total price quotation, the unit price and amount shall prevail; if the itemized quotation is inconsistent with the total price quotation, the itemized quotation shall prevail; if the amount in words and in words is inconsistent, the amount in words shall prevail. Moreover, the evaluation committee may require the bidder to clarify the errors in words and calculation according to the above principles. If the bidder fails to clarify in accordance with the above provisions or refuses to clarify, his bid may be rejected.
足额计取行政规费。为确保工程安全、、文明施工,防止无序压价,有的地方规定安全施工费、环境保护费、文明施工费、定额测定费、税金等费用应按法定标准计取,不得参与让利,否则做废标处理。
Administrative fees shall be calculated in full. In order to ensure the safety, environmental protection and civilized construction of the project and prevent disorderly price reduction, some places stipulate that the cost of safety construction, environmental protection, civilized construction, quota measurement, tax and other costs shall be calculated according to the legal standards, and shall not participate in the transfer of profits, otherwise, the bid shall be abandoned.
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