规避公开招标的界定的方法有哪些?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2020-06-17

虽然我国法律规定,公开招标是政府采购的主要采购方式,但其确定采用公开招标是有一定适用条件的,即:达到了公开招标数额标准的采购对象才确定采用公开招标方式。本案例虽然其合计总额超过了市级分散采购的限额标准20万元,但没有达到公开招标数额标准,即100万元。政府采购货物和服务的公开招标数额标准是指省级以上人民政府或其授权的市级人民政府制定的达到和超过一定金额标准,就必须采用公开招标采购方式进行采购,是数额标准。

Although the law of our country stipulates that public bidding is the main procurement method of government procurement, there are certain applicable conditions for the determination of public bidding, that is to say, only those procurement objects that meet the amount standard of public bidding can be determined to adopt public bidding. Although the total amount of this case exceeds the limit standard of 200000 yuan of municipal decentralized procurement, it fails to meet the amount standard of public bidding, that is, 1 million yuan. The amount standard of public bidding for government procurement of goods and services refers to the minimum amount standard, which is set by the people's government at or above the provincial level or the people's government at the municipal level authorized by the government to reach or exceed a certain amount standard.
之所以将公开招标作为主要采购方式,是因为公开招标采购方式相对于其他采购方式而言,有许多优点。一是公开透明,限度地防止腐败现象的发生。公开招标采购方式更能体现公开、公平、公正,是“阳光下采购”,透明度相对,监督机制较为完善,从而加大了腐败产生的“成本”和难度,所以能限度地防止腐败现象的发生。二是公平竞争,实行的经济效益。公开招标采购使所有符合资格的供应商都有机会参加竞争,采购人通过“货比三家”,能采购到性价比、价格相对便宜、服务的采购对象,从而节约财政资金。三是供应商在竞争中通过相互比较,取长补短,改进生产工艺,提高整个社会生产力水平,达到共同提高社会效益的目的。
The reason why open bidding is regarded as the main procurement method is that compared with other procurement methods, open bidding has many advantages. First, we should be open and transparent to prevent corruption to the greatest extent. Public bidding procurement is the most open, fair and just way, which is "procurement in the sun", with the highest transparency and perfect supervision mechanism, thus increasing the "cost" and difficulty of corruption, so it can prevent corruption to the maximum extent. Second, fair competition and optimal economic benefits. Open bidding makes all qualified suppliers have the opportunity to participate in the competition. The purchaser can purchase the procurement object with the highest cost performance, relatively low price and the best service through "Three Goods ratio", so as to save financial funds. Third, in the competition, suppliers learn from each other's strengths and make up for their weaknesses, improve the production process, improve the level of the whole social productivity, and achieve the goal of jointly improving social benefits.
因此,我国《政府采购法》第二十八条规定,采购人不得将应当以公开招标方式采购的货物或者服务化整为零或者以其他任何方式规避公开招标采购。
Therefore, Article 28 of the government procurement law of China stipulates that the purchaser shall not break up the goods or services that should be purchased through public bidding or avoid public bidding in any other way.
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那么,什么是化整为零规避公开招标采购行为呢?《政府采购法实施条例》第二十八条规定,在一个财政年度内,采购人将一个项目下的同一品目或者类别的货物、服务采用公开招标以外的方式多次采购,累计资金数额超过公开招标数额标准的,属于化整为零方式规避公开招标。也是采购人把达到公开招标数额标准的政府采购项目人为分割为数个小项目,使得每个项目的预算金额都未达到法定公开招标数额标准,以此规避公开招标。
So, what is the behavior of breaking up into parts to avoid public bidding procurement? Article 28 of the regulations for the implementation of the government procurement law stipulates that in a financial year, the purchaser shall purchase goods and services of the same item or category under a project for many times by means other than public bidding. If the accumulated amount of funds exceeds the amount standard of public bidding, it belongs to the method of breaking up into parts to avoid public bidding. It is also that the purchaser artificially divides the government procurement projects that meet the amount standard of public bidding into several small projects, so that the budget amount of each project does not meet the amount standard of legal public bidding, so as to avoid public bidding.
为了规范采购人的行为,防止采购人采取化整为零规避公开招标,《政府采购法》第七十一条规定,采购人将应当采用公开招标方式而擅自采用其他方式采购的,监管部门将责令其限期改正、给予警告,可以并处罚款,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员由其行政主管部门或者有关机关给予处分,并通报。
In order to standardize the behavior of purchasers and prevent purchasers from avoiding public bidding by breaking up into parts, Article 71 of the government procurement law stipulates that if purchasers purchase by means of public bidding without authorization, the regulatory department will order them to make corrections within a time limit, give them warnings, and may also impose a fine. The person in charge and other persons directly responsible shall be punished by The competent administrative department or the relevant authorities shall give sanctions and circulate a notice.
所谓细化预算是将预算制度、责任、指标、费用、定额等进行细化,分解到部门和个人。细化预算是部门预算编制的基本要求,更是政府采购预算编制的客观要求。在部门预算编制上,国务院多次强调要将所有的预算支出由“项”到“目”。同时,政府采购的预算也要求越细、越准确、越具体,越好。
The so-called detailed budget is to refine the budget system, responsibilities, indicators, costs, quotas, etc., and decompose them into departments and individuals. Detailed budget is not only the basic requirement of department budget, but also the objective requirement of government procurement budget. In terms of departmental budgeting, the State Council has repeatedly stressed the need to shift all budgetary expenditures from "items" to "items". At the same time, the government procurement budget also requires the more detailed, more accurate, more specific, the better.
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