工程标书-复合标的形式特点

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2020-04-17

复合标是合理标的一种特殊方式,工程的标底是由业主的标底与各招标单位的招标终究报价加权均匀复合而得,并称为"复合标底"。各招标单位的终究报价别离与业主的标底比较,其差错在业主规则的范围者(一般为-20%~+10%),称之为"第一次入围"。第一次入围的各招标单位之终究报价的均匀值(占30%~40%的权重)与业主标底(占60%~70%的权重)加权均匀,然后得出复合标底。而后,第一次入围的各招标单位的终究报价与再复合标底比较,其差错在业主规则的范围(一般为-15%~+15%)之内者,称之为"第二次人围"。

Compound bidding is a special way of reasonable bidding. The base price of a project is obtained by the weighted and uniform combination of the owner's base price and the bidding price of each bidding unit, which is called "compound base price". The final offer of each bidding unit is different from the bid price comparison of the owner, and the error is within the scope of the owner's rules (generally - 20% ~ + 10%), which is called "the first shortlist". The average value of final offer (30% - 40% weight) and the owner's base price (60% - 70% weight) of the first shortlisted bidding units are weighted evenly, and then the composite base price is obtained. After that, when the final offer of the first shortlisted bidding units is compared with the re composite base price, if the error is within the scope of the owner's rules (generally - 15% ~ + 15%), it is called "the second round".
第二次入围的招标单位获得候选中标单位资历,业主将安排人员全面评定这些单位的招标书,计算出各单位的整体招标得分。无论第一次是否入围,凡第二次未人围的招标单位,均为"飞标",此类招标单位已无中标资历。所以,在投复合标工程项目时,除要分析业主的标底外,还要考虑竞争对手的招标报价,测算出复合标底的大致范围
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For the second time, the shortlisted bidding units obtain the qualification of candidate winning units, and the owner will arrange personnel to comprehensively evaluate the bidding documents of these units, and calculate the overall bidding scores of each unit. No matter whether it is shortlisted for the first time or not, all the bidding units that are not shortlisted for the second time are "flying bids", and such bidding units have no qualification for winning the bid. Therefore, in the process of bidding for composite bidding projects, in addition to the analysis of the owner's base price, we should also consider the bidding price of competitors, and calculate the general scope of the composite base price.
确认招标终究报价除按上述不同报价类型分析考虑外,还要注意以下问题:一是在同一工程项目投有多个标段时,各标段的终究报价不要在一个标准水平上,要有一定的阶梯度。也就是说以正常预算为基本点而增降的终究报价,各标段增降起伏要有一定的阶梯差,这样可确保其间一个标段的报价接近最优报价,不会呈现整体"飞标"的现象。二是要分析研究竞争对手的招标报价,做到知己知彼,这是一项难度较大但很有实际意义的作业,如果能把对手的报价分析透,既可使自家的报价优于对手,又可防止为了中标而过多压低报价、然后在中标后获得更好的经济效益。越是在有些状况吃不准时,终究报价以偏低不偏高为准则。
In addition to the analysis and consideration of the above-mentioned different quotation types, we should also pay attention to the following problems: first, when the same project has multiple bidding sections, the final quotation of each bidding section should not be at the same standard level, and there should be a certain degree of ladder. That is to say, for the final offer based on the normal budget, there must be a certain step difference between the ups and downs of each bid section, so as to ensure that the offer of one bid section is close to the optimal offer, and the overall "flying standard" phenomenon will not appear. Second, it is a difficult but practical job to analyze and study the bidding quotation of competitors so as to know each other. If we can analyze the quotation of competitors thoroughly, we can not only make our own quotation superior to that of competitors, but also prevent too much reduction of the quotation in order to win the bid, and then get better economic benefits after winning the bid. The more uncertain the situation is, the lower the price will be.
总之,测算、确认招标终究报价是一项系统而杂乱的作业,往往有许多因素无法确认,要靠积累的经验去分析判断。所以,作为承包商要注意工程招标经验的积累,以获得工程招标的最大成功。
In a word, it is a systematic and disorderly operation to calculate and confirm the bidding price after all. There are many factors that can not be confirmed, so we need accumulated experience to analyze and judge. Therefore, as a contractor, we should pay attention to the accumulation of project bidding experience to obtain the greatest success of project bidding.