投标报价是由哪些类型所确定的?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-07-02

工程招标可以分为国际和国内两个部分,剑鱼招标订阅之前更多引见的内容是国内工程招标,今天来说一下国际工程招标,主要说一个重点,就是招标报价。由于关于招标单位来说,招标报价的质量直接影响中标成功率。

Project bidding can be divided into international and domestic parts. Before swordfish bidding subscription, more content is domestic project bidding. Today, to talk about international project bidding, the main point is bidding quotation. As for the bidding unit, the quality of bidding quotation directly affects the success rate of bidding.
国际工程的招标报价与国内工程相比,不只组成项目较多,并且各个承包商的分类和计算方法也各不相同。重要的是不要漏掉项目或重复计算,以免构成不应有的损失。
Compared with domestic projects, bidding quotations for international projects not only constitute more projects, but also have different classification and calculation methods for each contractor. It is important not to omit items or double-counting in order to avoid undue losses.
(一)直接费。工程直接费普通由人工费、材料费、永世设备费、施工机械费、分包费等组成。
(1) Direct fees. The direct cost of the project is generally composed of labor cost, material cost, Yongshi equipment cost, construction machinery cost, subcontracting cost and so on.
1.人工费。人工费单价需根据工人来源情况肯定。我国到国外承包工程,劳动力来源主要有两方面,一是国内派遣工人;二是雇用当地工人(包括第三国工人)。
1. Labor costs. The unit price of labor fee should be affirmed according to the source of workers. There are two main sources of labor force in contracting projects abroad in China, one is domestic dispatch of workers, the other is the employment of local workers (including workers from third countries).
山东标书制作
思索到当地雇用工人的工效可能较低、而当地政府又规则承包商必需雇用部分当地工人。则计算工资单价时还应把工效思索在内,根据曾经控制的当地雇用工人的工效和国内派收工人的工效,肯定一个大致的工效比(通常为小于1的数字),用下式计算:
Consider that local workers may be inefficient, and that the local government rules that contractors must employ some local workers. When calculating the unit price of wages, we should also consider the work efficiency. According to the work efficiency of the local employed workers and the domestic dispatched workers, we should affirm an approximate work efficiency ratio (usually less than 1 figure), which is calculated by the following formula:
思索工效的平均工资单价=国内派收工人工资单价X国内派收工人工日占总工日的百分比十当地雇用工人工资单价X当地工人工日占总工日的百分比/工效比。
Consider the average wage unit price of work efficiency = the wage unit price of domestic paid workers X the percentage of domestic paid workers'working days to total working days 10 the wage unit price of local employed workers X the percentage of local workers' working days to total working days/work efficiency ratio.
2.材料设备费。材料和设备费用在直接费中所占的比例很大,准确计算材料、设备的预算价恪是计算招标报价的重要一环。为了准确肯定材料、设备的预算价钱,我国有些对外公司根据对外承包工程的阅历,依据材料、设备来源的不同,制定出两种表格。
2. Material and equipment costs. Material and equipment costs account for a large proportion of direct costs. Accurate calculation of budgetary prices of materials and equipment is an important part of the calculation of tender quotations. In order to accurately confirm the budgetary price of materials and equipment, some foreign companies in China have worked out two forms according to the experience of contracting projects abroad and the different sources of materials and equipment.
一是当地市场材料、设备优选价恪统计表;另一是国内和第三国采购材料、设备价钱比较表。在计算报价时,经过这两种价恪表的比较,中止材料、设备的采用选择。上述价钱表普通每半年调整一次,以保证其准确性。
One is the statistical table of the optimum prices of materials and equipment in the local market; the other is the comparative table of the prices of materials and equipment purchased in China and in the third countries. When calculating the quotation, after comparing the two price lists, the selection of materials and equipment is discontinued. The above price list is usually adjusted every six months to ensure its accuracy.
3.施工机械费。国外承包工程施工机械除了承包商自行置办外,有些还可以租赁运用。假设决议租赁机械,施工机械的台班单价就可以根据事前调查的市场租赁价钱来肯定。
3. Construction machinery cost. In addition to the contractor's own construction machinery, some foreign contracted construction machinery can also be leased. Assuming the decision to lease machinery, the unit price of construction machinery can be confirmed according to the market rental price investigated beforehand.
自购施工机械的台班单价由以下费用组成:
The unit price of self-purchased construction machinery is composed of the following costs:
(1)基本折旧费。在国外施工,在计算机械设备运用费时,其运用寿命通常按其需求大修时即视为寿命终结,并按此年限收回全部投资。
(1) Basic depreciation. In foreign construction, the service life of computer machinery and equipment is usually regarded as the end of service life when it is overhauled according to its needs, and the total investment is recovered according to this period.
(2)安装拆卸费。关于需求拆卸安装的设备,例如混凝土搅拌站等,可根据施工方案按可能发作的费用计算。至于设备在本工程完工所拆卸运至其他工地所需的拆卸和运杂费用,既可计入下一个工程的机具设备费中,也可列入本次工程中,视细致情况肯定。
(2) Installation and disassembly fees. With regard to the equipment that needs to be disassembled and installed, such as concrete mixing stations, the cost of possible outbreaks can be calculated according to the construction plan. As for the cost of disassembly and miscellaneous transportation for the equipment dismantled and transported to other sites at the completion of this project, it can be included in the cost of equipment for the next project or in this project, depending on the detailed situation.
上述的内容,都是有关国际工程招标项目,招标报价的组成内容和计算方法,需求留意这并不适用于国内工程招标,一定不要套用,与此同时,这些招标报价的组成内容和计算方式并不是原封不动的,细致还要别离工程项目的特性和主要需求。
The above-mentioned contents are all related to international project bidding projects, the composition and calculation methods of bidding quotation. It should be noted that this is not applicable to domestic project bidding, and must not be applied. At the same time, the composition and calculation methods of these bidding quotations are not intact, and meticulous should be separated from the project. Characteristics and main requirements.
感谢您的阅读,此文的文章来源:山东标书制作更多的内容和问题请点击:http://www.biaoshufang.com 我们会继续努力的为您提供服务,感谢您的支持!
Thank you for your reading, this article source: Shandong Bid Making more content and questions please click: http://www.biaoshufang.com, we will continue to work hard to provide you with services, thank you for your support!