费率招标和清单招标有什么不一样?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-06-24

所谓费率招标,浅显的说,即承包商在招标的时分报的是按预算定额下浮的比例并做为评标根据;清单招标,即招标单位提供工程量,承包商报填入各子目的综合单价,合计的总价做为评标根据。

The so-called rate bidding, in a simple way, means that the Contractor submits the tender in the time of bidding according to the proportion of the budget quota floating down and as the basis for bidding evaluation; the list bidding, that is, the tendering unit provides the quantity of the project, the Contractor submits the comprehensive unit price for each sub-purpose, and the total price as the basis for bidding evaluation.
费率招标的优点是在招标前只需求晓得工程的大致范围,建立规范,没有计算工程量和组价的环节,招标速度快,以至有可能在获得工程规划答应前得出招标结果,开工时间与设计进度允许有部分堆叠,可按施工进度分批出施工图;缺陷是合同总价和资料耗费普通按项目范围预算,对设计的经济性无法评价,预算与实践本钱差距过大,也不利于预算管理和本钱控制,结算时需重新计算工程量,耗时较长,预算定额不可能涵盖合同中的一切工作,结算时组价纠葛比拟多,后常常甲方吃亏。清单招标恰恰相反,优势是招标完成后本钱根本肯定,设计的经济性能够疾速得到认定,便于本钱管理,一切的子目都有单价,结算时只需求依据工程质变更在合同总价上调整即可,
The advantage of rate bidding is that before bidding, only the general scope of the project is known, norms are established, and links of calculating the quantity and cost of the project are not included. The bidding speed is so fast that it is possible to obtain the bidding results before obtaining the consent of the project planning. The start-up time and the design schedule are allowed to be partially stacked, and the construction drawings can be batched according to the construction progress. The defect is that the total contract price and the cost of information are ordinary. According to the project scope budget, the economy of the design can not be evaluated, the gap between the budget and the actual cost is too large, which is not conducive to budget management and cost control. It takes a long time to recalculate the amount of work when settling accounts. The budget quota can not cover all the work in the contract. There are many disputes in settling accounts, and Party A often loses in the end. Inventory bidding on the contrary, the advantage is that after the completion of the bidding, the cost is fundamentally affirmed, the economic performance of the design can be quickly identified, which is convenient for cost management, and all the items have unit prices, so the settlement only need to be adjusted according to the quality changes in the total contract price.
清单招标恰恰相反,优势是招标完成后本钱根本肯定,设计的经济性能够疾速得到认定,便于本钱管理,一切的子目都有单价,结算时只需求依据工程质变更在合同总价上调整即可,价钱纠葛少,本钱风险小;其缺陷就是在招标开端前需求完好的施工图文件,工程量清单计算和承包商组价的时间也比拟长,普通比费率招标的工程进度要慢两个月左右。
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Inventory bidding on the contrary, the advantage is that after the completion of bidding, the cost is fundamentally affirmed, the economic performance of the design can be quickly identified, which is convenient for cost management, all the items have unit prices, and the settlement only needs to be adjusted according to the quality changes in the total contract price, the price entanglement is less, and the cost risk is small; the defect is that the construction drawing documents with sound demand before the beginning of bidding, the project. Bill of quantities calculation and contractor group price time is also comparatively long, the general bidding rate than the progress of the project is about two months slower.
费率招标不会呈现清单招标的漏项,而清单招标常常经过招标条款的方式将漏项的风险转嫁给承包商(比拟典型的就是把招标范围内,但清单未包括的内容了解为合成到综合单价内),由于定额描绘不能涵盖一切实践工程内容,容易产生了解差别,而承包商的组价才能相对开发商是有一定优势的,所以普通费率招标,中标结果按定额的下浮水平要大于清单招标,而结算总价反而常常要高与清单招标,这也是业内引荐清单招标的缘由。
Rate bidding does not show the omission of list bidding, and list bidding often passes on the risk of omission to contractors through the way of bidding clauses (typically within the scope of bidding, but the contents not included in the list are understood to be integrated into the comprehensive unit price). Because the quota description can not cover all the contents of practical projects, it is easy to produce differences in understanding, and the contractor's group price. In order to have a certain advantage over developers, so the general rate bidding, the winning bidding results according to the quota floating level is greater than the list bidding, and the total settlement price is often higher than the list bidding, which is also the reason for the industry's recommended list bidding.
但是世事不可绝对,固然费率招标会形成工程总价上升,但节约的时间却能够减少财务本钱,特别是地价比拟高的状况下。如开发商的本钱管理队伍实力够强,就能够把工程总价的上升控制在合理的范围内,以至小于财务本钱的节约。
But the world can not be absolute, although the rate of bidding will form a rise in the total price of the project, but the time saved can reduce financial costs, especially in the case of high land price ratio. If the developer's cost management team is strong enough, it will be able to control the rise of the total project price within a reasonable range, or even less than the financial cost savings.
以某项目为例,土建本钱约1500元/平方米,费率比清单招标结算价增加2%(不同的本钱管理程度差别也不一样),则单位本钱增加30元的本钱,而土地价为3000元/平方米,0.6%的月利率,则单位本钱增加36元,两种形式的选择取决与地价程度与本钱管理程度,本钱管理程度越高,结算价差越小,费率招标的优势越明显,这也是局部标杆企业仍旧采用费率招标的缘由。
Taking a project as an example, the cost of civil engineering is about 1500 yuan per square metre, and the cost rate is 2% higher than the list tender settlement price (different cost management degree is different), then the unit cost is increased by 30 yuan, while the land price is 3000 yuan/square metre, and the monthly interest rate of 0.6%, then the unit cost is increased by 36 yuan. The choice of two forms depends on the degree of land price. With the level of cost management, the higher the level of cost management, the smaller the settlement price difference, the more obvious the advantages of rate bidding, which is also the reason why some benchmarking enterprises still use rate bidding.
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