怎样为标书编制预算基础价?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-06-10

(1)认真踏勘现场

(1) Carefully reconnaissance of the scene
作为编制预算的步,是关系到预算结果的精确与否的决议性要素,应惹起高度注重。对预算人员来说,现场踏勘首先应深化调查理解料源、料价,剖析佳的供料方式,现场能否具备自采条件,做出购置与自采计划的经济比拟;其次,应对照设计材料,研讨能否具备优化设计计划(如借弃土场的调整等)和停止不均衡报价的条件,并做好有关计划的比照剖析工作;第三,调查中央资源的可应用水平,为本钱剖析打下良好的根底;第四,搜集本地域以往工程项目的材料,尽可能地咨询当地有关专家,对该地域业主标底的编制思绪停止调查理解。
As the first step in budgeting, it is a decisive factor that concerns the accuracy of the budget results and should be highly emphasized. For budgetary personnel, on-site reconnaissance should first deepen investigation and understanding of material sources and prices, analyze the best mode of material supply, whether the site has the conditions of self-mining, and make economic comparison between purchase and self-mining plans; secondly, according to design materials, discuss whether it has the conditions of optimum design plan (such as adjusting the dump site) and stopping unbalanced quotation, and make relevant plans. Comparing and analyzing work; Third, investigating the available level of central resources, laying a good foundation for the analysis of money; Fourth, collecting materials of previous projects in the region, consulting local experts as far as possible, and stopping investigating and understanding the compilation thoughts of the regional owner's bid base.
(2)认真吃透招标文件
(2) Deeply understand the bidding documents
就是要对招标文件与预算有关的内容,如计量规则,支付条件等做深化细致的剖析,对招标文件中明示或暗示的风险要认真停止剖析研讨,提出处理问题的对策。
That is to make a deep and detailed analysis of the contents related to the budget of the tender documents, such as the measurement rules, payment conditions, etc., and to seriously stop the analysis and discussion of the risks indicated or implied in the tender documents, and put forward the countermeasures to deal with the problems.
(3)认真编制标书
(3) Seriously compiling tenders
重点就是处理响应性及合理性的问题,预算人员应与施组人员及时沟通,对施组计划应有充沛的理解。工程数量计算、汇总要严厉按计量支付规则停止,定额的套用应本着先进合理的准绳,缺项定额首先应思索就近套用,在停止必要的咨询后加以补充。
The key point is to deal with the problem of responsiveness and rationality. Budgetary personnel should communicate with the execution team in time and have a full understanding of the execution team plan. The calculation and summary of engineering quantities should be strictly stopped according to the rules of measurement and payment. The application of quotas should be based on advanced and reasonable criteria. The shortage quotas should first be applied in close proximity and supplemented after the necessary consultation is stopped.
专业代做标书
4编制科学合理的施工组织设计
4. Compile scientific and reasonable construction organization design
4.1对招标文件的响应性
4.1 Responsibility to Bidding Documents
招标文件是业主向招标方提出的邀约,承包商必需无条件响应并做出明白承诺。因而,在编制施工组织过程中应完整吃透招标文件,针对招标文件的每一条款提出详细的处理计划并落实到施工组织上来。切忌态度不置可否,采用似是而非的言语,这样的施工组织会给评委形成不可信任的印象,严重者,可因不响应招标文件而招致废标。
Bidding documents are invitations made by the owner to the tenderer. The contractor must respond unconditionally and make a clear commitment. Therefore, in the process of compiling the construction organization, the bidding documents should be thoroughly understood, and detailed treatment plans should be put forward for each clause of the bidding documents and implemented into the construction organization. Don't be indifferent and use specious words. Such construction organization will give the judges an impression that they are not trustworthy. In serious cases, it may cause the rejection of tenders for not responding to the tender documents.
4.2恰当进步规范,加大竞争力度
4.2 Appropriate progress and standardization, increase competition
关于招标文件中有规则的,如质量等级、平安目的、工期目的等,可依据详细状况适量进步规范并布置详细保证措施施行。应当留意的是,并不是一切目的都能够进步,要依据详细工程状况及相应目的停止剖析判别,思索本企业施工才能能否能到达进步后的规范,进步规范能否会大幅度增加工程造价等,以免为标后的施工带来艰难。
For those who have rules in the tender documents, such as quality grade, safety purpose, duration purpose, etc., they can be regulated according to the detailed conditions, and detailed assurance measures can be laid out for implementation. It should be noted that not all the purposes can be improved. We should stop analyzing and judging according to the detailed engineering conditions and corresponding purposes, and consider whether the construction of our enterprise can reach the standard after the progress, whether the progress standard can increase the cost of the project substantially, so as to avoid the difficulties caused by the construction after the bid.
4.3把握敏感点,表现编制细度
4.3 Grasp the Sensitive Points and Exhibit the Fineness of Compilation
每项工程都有其特定的特性和难点,工程不同,业主关注的焦点也不同,评委或业主总是带着希冀去评标及审核承包工程商的。因而,剖析工程特性,努力去迎合业主心理,是编制者在编制过程中应惹起留意的。
Each project has its own specific characteristics and difficulties, different projects, the focus of attention of the owners is also different, judges or owners always with hope to evaluate and audit contractors. Therefore, the compiler should pay attention to the analysis of engineering characteristics and the efforts to cater to the owner's psychology in the compilation process.
4.4附必要的计算,表现编制深度
4.4 Attach necessary calculations to show the depth of compilation
对关键性工程,如降水施工计划,桥梁施工暂时支墩,暂时便梁计划,混凝土施工支撑体系设计,施工机械组合选择计划等,要停止必要的计算,而不是照抄标准。这样既能表现承包商的组织管理、技术管理程度和注重水平,又能表现招标施组的编制深度,加深评委的印象。
For key projects, such as dewatering construction plan, temporary piers for bridge construction, temporary girder plan, design of concrete construction support system, selection plan of construction machinery combination, etc., the necessary calculation should be stopped rather than copy the standard. In this way, it can not only show the contractor's organizational management, technical management level and attention level, but also show the depth of preparation of the bidding execution team and deepen the impression of the judges.
4.5超前料想,防患于已然,表现编制广度
4.5 Expect ahead of time, prevent trouble from happening, and show the breadth of compilation
对一些特殊性的工作,在编制预防措施的同进,还要编制应急措施,给人以组织紧密、技术全面、管理严谨的印象。
For some special work, we should work out both preventive measures and emergency measures to give people the impression of close organization, comprehensive technology and rigorous management.
4.6采用“四新”的必需性
4.6 Necessity of adopting "Four New"
尽可能采用新技术、新工艺、新资料、新设备,除对“四新”停止必要的引见外,还应对相应的技术、经济指标停止剖析,指出由于采用“四新”后,可能在管理、质量平安技术等方面较传统办法停止的改良,表现企业技术的先进性。
New technologies, new processes, new materials and new equipment should be adopted as far as possible. In addition to introducing the necessary "four new" technologies, the corresponding technical and economic indicators should also be analyzed. It is pointed out that after adopting the "four new" technologies, it may be better than the traditional methods in management, quality and safety technology, so as to show the advanced nature of enterprise technology.
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