招标与投标的一般要经过什么程序?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-04-10

资历预审。招标人来填写资历预审表来表现公司的范围,以及公司的详细实力和相关证明能否具有招标才能。所以资历预审是保证招标工作顺利停止的关键步骤。

Qualifications prequalification. The tenderer fills in the pre-qualification form to show the scope of the company, and whether the detailed strength of the company and related certificates have the ability to invite tenders. So qualification pre-examination is the key step to ensure the smooth stop of bidding work.
编制招标文件。招标开端,由招标人组织专业人员制定招标书,细致阐明招标人在招标时所制造的招标文件的一切请求。
Prepare bidding documents. At the beginning of bidding, the tenderer organizes professional personnel to formulate the bidding documents, and elaborates on all requests for the bidding documents made by the tenderer at the time of bidding.
招标的准备工作。招标人获得招标文件之后。应严厉依照招标条件对商品或工程所请求的质量、技术规范、交货期限、工程量和进度布置等停止核算,并分离本身的条件和市场竞争态势,估量能否完整满足招标请求和能否提出有竞争性的报价,也是招标人招标才能的表现。
Preparations for bidding. After the tenderer has obtained the tender documents. The quality, technical specifications, delivery deadlines, quantities and schedules required by commodities or projects shall be strictly accounted for in accordance with bidding conditions, and the conditions and market competition situation shall be separated to assess whether the bidding requirements can be fully met and whether competitive quotations can be made, which is also the performance of bidders'bidding ability.
编制招标书和落实担保。招标书是招标人对招标人的一项不可撤销的发盘。其主要内容包括对招标条件确实认、商品或各个项目的有关指标和工程进度、技术阐明和图纸、招标人应承当的义务,以及总价和单价剖析表。招标人为避免招标人中标后拒不签约,通常请求招标人提交招标保证金,普通为总价的3%~10%。也能够银行保函或备用 信誉证 替代现金作保。故招标人应在招标前落实担保人。招标才能
Preparing tenders and implementing guarantees. The tender is an irrevocable offer made by the tenderer to the tenderer. Its main contents include confirmation of bidding conditions, relevant indicators of commodities or projects and project progress, technical clarification and drawings, obligations of bidders, and analysis tables of total price and unit price. In order to avoid the bidder refusing to sign the contract after winning the bid, the tenderer usually requests the tenderer to submit the tender bond, which is usually 3%-10% of the total price. It can also be guaranteed by bank guarantee or standby letter of credit instead of cash. Therefore, the tenderer should implement the guarantor before bidding. Bidding Ability
递送招标文件。招标文件包括招标书、招标保函或备用 信誉证 、关于招标书中单项阐明的附件,以及其他必要文件。招标文件应密封后在规则的时间内送达指定地点,能够专人递交,也能够挂号邮寄。
山东标书制作
Delivery of tender documents. Bidding documents include tender documents, tender guarantees or standby letters of credit, attachments to individual statements in the tender documents, and other necessary documents. The tender documents shall be sealed and delivered to the designated place within the prescribed time. They can be submitted by a person or sent by registered mail.
开标。招标人在预先发布的时间和地点,当众开启密封的招标文件,宣读内容,允许在场的招标人作记载或录音。开标后,招标人不得更改招标内容。 开标是对外公开标书内容,以保证招标工作公正停止的一种方式,并不当场肯定中标人。
Opening the tender. The tenderer opens the sealed bidding documents in public at the time and place of pre-publication, reads out the contents, and allows the tenderer present to record or record. After opening the tender, the tenderer shall not change the content of the tender. Bid opening is a way to publicize the contents of bidding documents so as to ensure the fair termination of bidding work. It does not affirm the winning bidder on the spot.
评标和决标。除价钱条件外,技术质量、工程进度或交货 期,以及所提供的效劳等各方面的条件都将影响招标的优劣。招标人必需对招标停止审核、比拟,然后择优肯定中标人选。其主要工作如下:
Bid evaluation and award. In addition to price conditions, technical quality, project progress or delivery time, as well as the services provided will affect the quality of bidding. The tenderer must stop examining and comparing the tender, and then confirm the successful bidder. Its main work is as follows:
(1)检查招标文件。其内容能否契合招标文件的请求,计算能否正确,技术能否可行等。
(1) Inspection of bidding documents. Whether the content of the tender meets the request of the tender documents, whether the calculation is correct, whether the technology is feasible, etc.
(2)比拟招标人的买卖条件,可逐项打分或集体评议或投票表决,以肯定中标人选。初步肯定的中标人选,能够是一个或若干个替补人选。
(2) By comparing the terms of sale and purchase of the tenderer, the winning bidder may be affirmed by scoring item by item or by collective evaluation or voting. Preliminary confirmation of the successful bidder can be one or several substitute candidates.
(3)对中标人选停止资历复审。假如中标人经复审合格,即成为该次招标的中标人选。否则依次复审替补中标人选。凡呈现下列状况之一者,招标人可宣布招标失败,重新组织第二轮招标:参与招标人少于3家,缺乏竞争性一切招标书和招标请求不符;招标价钱均明显超越国际市场均匀价钱。
(3) Cease the qualification review of the successful bidder. If the first successful bidder is qualified after reexamination, he will be the successful bidder for the tender. Otherwise, the candidate who wins the tender will be reviewed successively. Where one of the following conditions occurs, the tenderer may declare the failure of the tender and reorganize the second round of the tender: fewer than three tenderers participate in the tender, lack of competitiveness and all the tender documents and requests are not in conformity; the tender price obviously exceeds the uniform price in the international market.
中标签约。肯定中标人后,招标人以书面通知中标人在规则的期限内到招标人所在地签署合同,并交纳履约保证金或以银行保函作履约担保。
In the label agreement. After confirming the successful bidder, the tenderer notifies the successful bidder in writing to sign the contract at the place where the tenderer is located within the time limit of the rules, and pays the performance bond or takes the bank guarantee as the performance guarantee.