专业标书制造公司提示:建立工程标书制造的三个关键点

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-03-11

专业标书制造公司提示:建立工程标书制造的三个关键点

Professional Bid Manufacturing Company Tips: Establishing Three Key Points of Engineering Bid Manufacturing
一、招标书的编制
I. Compilation of tenders
现场考察后要立刻制定编标方案,明白人员分工,使整个编标进程按方案停止。招标书的次要内容是工程预算标价和施工组织设计。编制预算要留意以下成绩:
After on-site inspection, the bidding plan should be formulated immediately, and the division of labor should be understood so as to stop the whole bidding process according to the plan. The secondary content of the tender is the bidding price of the project budget and the design of the construction organization. The following achievements should be noted in budgeting:
1.采用的定额要正确,业主未指定的,普通采用同行业国度新定额;
1. The quota used should be correct. If the owner does not specify the quota, the latest quota in the same industry country is generally adopted.
2.各项预算单价要思索施工时期价钱浮动要素;
2. Various budgetary unit prices should consider the factors of price fluctuation during construction period.
3.工程量以业主给定的工程量清单爲准,即便发现有分明的错误,未经业主书面同意不得自行调整;
3. The amount of work shall be based on the bill of quantities given by the owner, and shall not be adjusted without the owner's written consent, even if a clear mistake is found.
4.其他项目费用预备费、监理费、暂定金等要按投标文件要求列计;
4. The reserve fees, supervision fees and provisional fees for other projects shall be calculated according to the requirements of bidding documents.
5.预算编制完成后要经别人复核审查,切不可有误。此外还要留意工程预算与施工组织设计相一致,施工方案是预算编制的必要根据、预算反过去又指点调整施工方案,两者是互相联络的一致体,不可别离编制。
5. When the budget is completed, it must be reviewed by others. There must be no mistake. In addition, we should pay attention to the consistency between the project budget and the design of construction organization. The construction plan is the necessary basis for budgeting. The budget in turn directs the adjustment of the construction plan. The two are interrelated and consistent, and can not be separated from the preparation.
工程施工组织设计是中标后施工管理的方案布置和监理工程师监视的根据之一,一定要迷信合理、实在可行。施工组织设计次要包括:项目经理部人员机构组成、工程施工方案、工地立体布置、工期进度布置、劳力和设备分配、质量保证措施、平安消费措施、后勤供给措施等。工程施工方案是其中的关键,间接影响到预算标价及招标的成败,招标单位要依据现场调查状况,初定几套方案停止测算、比拟。以确定合理、经济的方案。工期布置至多要比业主限定工夫提早10天,以获得标书评审中工期提早奖励得分。
Project construction organization design is one of the bases of project arrangement and supervision engineer after winning the bid. It must be superstitious, reasonable and feasible. Secondly, the construction organization design includes: the personnel structure of the project management department, the construction plan, the three-dimensional layout of the construction site, the schedule arrangement of the construction period, the distribution of labor and equipment, quality assurance measures, safe consumption measures, logistics supply measures and so on. Project construction scheme is the key, which indirectly affects the success or failure of budget bidding and bidding. The bidding unit should decide several schemes to stop calculation and comparison according to the situation of on-site investigation. To determine a reasonable and economic plan. The project schedule should be arranged at most 10 days earlier than the time limit set by the owner, so as to obtain the award score of the project schedule early in the bid evaluation.
专业标书制作公司
二、确定招标报价
2. Determining the Bidding Quotation
招标终极报价是招标单位以标书编制的预算价(标价)爲根底,综合思索各种要素后对预算标价进一步修订的报价,可以在标书中列报,也可以以降价函的方式另报。招标单位招标终极报价普通要占整个招标书分值的60%~70%,对能否中标将发生间接影响。所以,一定要依据所唱工程预算仔细剖析、重复比拟,以使所确定的终极报价大限制地接近优报价(得满分的报价),进步中标率。以下依据投标工程报价类型的不同,就如何确定终极报价辨别阐述。
The final bidding quotation is based on the budgetary price (tender price) compiled by the tender, which can be further revised by the tender unit after considering various factors. It can be reported in the tender or in the form of a price reduction letter. The final bidding quotation of the bidding unit usually accounts for 60%-70% of the total tender score, which will have an indirect impact on the success of the tender. Therefore, we must carefully analyze and repeat the comparison according to the project budget, so that the final quotation determined can be as close as possible to the optimal quotation (quotation with full marks) and improve the winning rate. According to the different types of tender project quotation, how to determine the final quotation discrimination is elaborated below.
三、复合标报价
III. Compound Bid Quotation
确定招标终极报价除按上述不同报价类型剖析思索外,还要留意以下成绩:一是在同一工程项目投有多个标段时,各标段的终极报价不要在一个规范程度上,要有一定的阶梯度。也就是说以正常预算爲根本点而增降的终极报价,各标段增降幅度要有一定的阶梯差,这样可保证其中一个标段的报价接近优报价,不会呈现全体“飞标”的景象。二是要剖析研讨竞争对手的招标报价,做到知己知彼,这是一项难度较大但很有实践意义的任务,假如能把对手的报价剖析透,既可使自家的报价优于对手,又可防止爲了中标而过多压低报价、从而在中标后取得更好的经济效益。越是在有些状况吃不准时,终极报价以偏低不偏高爲准绳。总之,测算、确定招标终极报价是一项零碎而复杂的任务,往往有许多要素无法确定,要靠积聚的经历去剖析判别。所以,作爲承包商要留意工程招标经历的积聚,以获得工程招标的大成功。
In order to determine the final bidding quotation, besides the analysis and consideration according to the different types of quotation mentioned above, we should also pay attention to the following achievements: First, when there are more than one bidding section in the same project, the final bidding of each bidding section should not be at a normative level, but should have a certain gradient. That is to say, with the normal budget as the basic point and the final quotation, the increase and decrease range of each section should have a certain step difference, so as to ensure that the quotation of one section is close to the optimal quotation, and will not present the whole "flying tender" scenario. Second, it is a difficult but practical task to analyze and discuss the bidding quotations of competitors so as to know each other. If we can analyze the quotations of competitors thoroughly, we can not only make our own quotations better than those of competitors, but also prevent over-depressing the quotations in order to win the bid, so as to achieve better economic benefits after winning the bid. The lower the price, the higher the price. In a word, it is a fragmentary and complex task to calculate and determine the final bidding price. There are often many factors that can not be determined. It depends on accumulated experience to analyze and discriminate. Therefore, as a contractor, we should pay attention to the accumulation of project bidding experience in order to achieve the greatest success of project bidding.
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