What are the common procedures for bidding and tendering
Prepare bidding documents. At the beginning of the tender, the bidder organizes the professional personnel to formulate the tender document, and elaborates on all the requirements of the tender documents made by the bidder at the time of the tender.
Preparatory tasks for bidding. After the tenderer has obtained the bidding documents. The quality, technical specifications, delivery deadlines, quantities and schedules required by commodities or projects should be strictly accounted for in accordance with the bidding conditions. Combining with their own conditions and market competition situation, it is also the performance of bidders'bidding ability to assess whether they can fully meet the bidding requirements and whether they can make competitive quotations.
编制招标书和落实担保。招标书是招标人对投标人的一项不可撤销的发盘。其次要内容包括对投标条件确实认、商品或各个项目的有关目标和工程进度、技术阐明和图纸、招标人应承当的责任，以及总价和单价剖析表。投标人爲避免招标人中标后拒不签约，通常要求招标人提交招标保证金，普通爲总价的3％～10％。也可以银行保函或备用 信誉证 替代现金作保。故招标人应在招标前落实担保人。招标才能
Preparing tenders and implementing guarantees. The tender is an irrevocable offer made by the tenderer to the bidder. Secondly, the main contents include the confirmation of bidding conditions, the relevant objectives of commodities or projects and the progress of projects, technical clarifications and drawings, the responsibilities of bidders, and the analysis table of the total price and unit price. In order to avoid the bidder refusing to sign the contract after winning the bid, the bidder is usually required to submit the tender bond, which is usually 3%-10% of the total price. A bank guarantee or standby letter of credit may also be used as a substitute for cash guarantee. Therefore, the tenderer should implement the guarantor before bidding. Bidding Ability
递送招标文件。招标文件包括招标书、招标保函或备用 信誉证 、关于招标书中单项阐明的附件，以及其他必要文件。招标文件应密封后在规则的工夫内送达指定地点，可以专人递交，也可以挂号邮寄。
Delivery of tender documents. Bidding documents include tender documents, tender guarantees or standby letters of credit, attachments to individual statements in the tender documents, and other necessary documents. The tender documents shall be sealed and delivered to the designated place within the time of the rules, either by hand or by registered mail.
Opening the tender. In the time and place that the bidder publishes after the event, he opens the sealed bidding documents in public, reads out the contents, and allows the bidder present to record or record. After opening the tender, the tenderer shall not change the content of the tender. Bidding opening is a way to ensure the fair termination of bidding tasks by submitting tenders from outside the country, and the winner is not determined on the spot.
Bid evaluation and award. In addition to price conditions, technical quality, project progress or delivery time, as well as the services provided will affect the quality of bidding. Bidders must stop auditing and comparing tenders, and then select the best bidders. Secondly, the tasks are as follows:
1. Examine the bidding documents. Whether the content can meet the requirements of bidding documents, whether the calculation is correct, whether the technology is feasible, etc.
2. By comparing the terms of sale and purchase of the tenderer, the winning bidder can be determined by scoring item by item or by individual evaluation or voting. The initially determined winning bidder may be one or several substitute candidates.
3. Stop reviewing the qualifications of the successful bidders. If the first successful bidder is qualified after reexamination, he will be the successful bidder for the tender. Otherwise, the candidate who wins the bid will be reviewed successively. Where one of the following conditions occurs, the bidder may declare the bid failure and reorganize the second round of bidding: fewer than three bidders participate in the bidding, lack of competitiveness and all bidding documents and bidding requirements do not meet; the bidding price clearly exceeds the uniform price in the international market.
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