Teach you how to do a good job of building engineering tenders?
Compilation of Bidding Documents
The compilation of tender documents is the secondary content of the tender task. After the ordinary owner sells the tender, he will hold a pre-tender meeting with the participation of the tendering unit and organize on-site inspection to answer the questions of the tendering unit about the tender and the construction site. Therefore, after purchasing tender documents, bidding units should relax their efforts to read and discuss tender documents carefully and repeatedly, and list the achievement lists that the owners need to answer and the project lists that need to be investigated and understood on site. Secondary contents of site investigation include: geomorphology (vegetation topography, climate and hydrology in other places, road traffic situation, distribution of material sources adapted to local conditions, mining conditions and quality of natural data, price of marketing materials, transportation interval of various materials, power source, communication conditions, price consumption, social security, comprehensive social and economic conditions, etc.). 。
After on-site inspection, the bidding plan should be formulated immediately, and the division of labor should be understood so as to stop the whole bidding process according to the plan. The secondary content of the tender is the bidding price of the project budget and the design of the construction organization. The following achievements should be noted in budgeting:
1. The quota used should be correct. If the owner does not specify the quota, the latest quota in the same industry country is generally adopted.
2. Various budgetary unit prices should consider the factors of price fluctuation during construction period.
3. The amount of work shall be based on the bill of quantities given by the owner, and shall not be adjusted without the owner's written consent, even if a clear mistake is found.
4. The reserve fees, supervision fees and provisional fees for other projects shall be calculated according to the requirements of bidding documents.
5. When the budget is completed, it must be reviewed by others. There must be no mistake. In addition, we should pay attention to the consistency between the project budget and the design of construction organization. The construction plan is the necessary basis for budgeting. The budget in turn directs the adjustment of the construction plan. The two are interrelated and consistent, and can not be separated from the preparation.
Project construction organization design is one of the bases of project arrangement and supervision engineer after winning the bid. It must be superstitious, reasonable and feasible. Secondly, the construction organization design includes: the personnel structure of the project management department, the construction plan, the three-dimensional layout of the construction site, the schedule arrangement of the construction period, the distribution of labor and equipment, quality assurance measures, safe consumption measures, logistics supply measures and so on. Project construction scheme is the key, which indirectly affects the success or failure of budget bidding and bidding. The bidding unit should decide several schemes to stop calculation and comparison according to the situation of on-site investigation. To determine a reasonable and economic plan. The project schedule should be arranged at most 10 days earlier than the time limit set by the owner, so as to obtain the award score of the project schedule early in the bid evaluation.
Determining Bidding Quotation
The final bidding quotation is the budgetary price prepared by the tendering unit based on the tender document (the tender price is the basis of which, after considering various factors comprehensively, the tender price can be further revised. It can be reported in the tender document or in the form of a price reduction letter. The final bidding quotation of the bidding unit usually accounts for 60%-70% of the total tender score, which will have an indirect impact on the success of the tender. Therefore, we must carefully analyze and repeat the comparison according to the project budget, so that the final quotation determined can be as close as possible to the optimal quotation (quotation with full marks, and improve the winning rate). According to the different types of tender quotation, how to determine the final quotation is elaborated.
Reasonable bidding is the most basic way of Engineering bidding. The so-called reasonable bidding is that the owner formulates the base of project bidding according to the engineering design budget. The final bidding quotation of the bidding unit is comparable with the base of the owner's bidding. Only the bidding unit whose error is within the reasonable range limited by the owner can win the bidding qualification. The error between the final bidding quotation and the base bid of the tendering unit is within a limited range (usually - 20% ~+10%, that is "shortlisted". After confirming the qualifications of the candidate winning bidder, the owner will organize personnel to unilaterally evaluate the bidding documents of the winning bidder and calculate the total score of the bidding unit. On the contrary, if the final quotation of the bidding unit is not within the limit, it is called "flying tender". Such bidding unit has no qualifications to win the bid. The optimal quotation for a reasonable tender is generally a little lower than the owner's base price (- 5%-8%). It can be a range or a certain number. Therefore, the bidding unit should take the correct budget as the foundation, carefully analyze and discuss the scope of the owner's bottom bidding, and calculate the optimal bidding price is the final bidding price.
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