教你您如何做好建立工程标书?

网址:http://www.biaoshufang.com 时间:2019-01-08

教你您如何做好建立工程标书?

Teach you how to do a good job of building engineering tenders?
招标书的编制
Compilation of Bidding Documents
编制招标书是招标任务的次要内容。普通业主出售标书后,会很快召开由招标单位参与的标前会并组织现场考察,以解答招标单位对标书及施工现场的疑问。所以,招标单位在购置标书后要放松工夫仔细阅读、重复研讨投标文件,列出需求业主解答的成绩清单和需求在工地现场调查理解的项目清单。工地现场调查的次要内容包括:地貌(植被地形状况、外地气候水文状况、路途交通情况、因地制宜的料源散布、自然资料的开采条件和质量、推销资料的价钱、各种资料的运输间隔、电源水源状况、通讯条件、物价消费程度、社会治安情况、综合社会经济状况等。
The compilation of tender documents is the secondary content of the tender task. After the ordinary owner sells the tender, he will hold a pre-tender meeting with the participation of the tendering unit and organize on-site inspection to answer the questions of the tendering unit about the tender and the construction site. Therefore, after purchasing tender documents, bidding units should relax their efforts to read and discuss tender documents carefully and repeatedly, and list the achievement lists that the owners need to answer and the project lists that need to be investigated and understood on site. Secondary contents of site investigation include: geomorphology (vegetation topography, climate and hydrology in other places, road traffic situation, distribution of material sources adapted to local conditions, mining conditions and quality of natural data, price of marketing materials, transportation interval of various materials, power source, communication conditions, price consumption, social security, comprehensive social and economic conditions, etc.). 。
现场考察后要立刻制定编标方案,明白人员分工,使整个编标进程按方案停止。招标书的次要内容是工程预算标价和施工组织设计。编制预算要留意以下成绩:
After on-site inspection, the bidding plan should be formulated immediately, and the division of labor should be understood so as to stop the whole bidding process according to the plan. The secondary content of the tender is the bidding price of the project budget and the design of the construction organization. The following achievements should be noted in budgeting:
1.采用的定额要正确,业主未指定的,普通采用同行业国度新定额;
1. The quota used should be correct. If the owner does not specify the quota, the latest quota in the same industry country is generally adopted.
2.各项预算单价要思索施工时期价钱浮动要素;
2. Various budgetary unit prices should consider the factors of price fluctuation during construction period.
3.工程量以业主给定的工程量清单爲准,即便发现有分明的错误,未经业主书面同意不得自行调整;
3. The amount of work shall be based on the bill of quantities given by the owner, and shall not be adjusted without the owner's written consent, even if a clear mistake is found.
4.其他项目费用预备费、监理费、暂定金等要按投标文件要求列计;
4. The reserve fees, supervision fees and provisional fees for other projects shall be calculated according to the requirements of bidding documents.
5.预算编制完成后要经别人复核审查,切不可有误。此外还要留意工程预算与施工组织设计相一致,施工方案是预算编制的必要根据、预算反过去又指点调整施工方案,两者是互相联络的一致体,不可别离编制。
5. When the budget is completed, it must be reviewed by others. There must be no mistake. In addition, we should pay attention to the consistency between the project budget and the design of construction organization. The construction plan is the necessary basis for budgeting. The budget in turn directs the adjustment of the construction plan. The two are interrelated and consistent, and can not be separated from the preparation.
工程施工组织设计是中标后施工管理的方案布置和监理工程师监视的根据之一,一定要迷信合理、实在可行。施工组织设计次要包括:项目经理部人员机构组成、工程施工方案、工地立体布置、工期进度布置、劳力和设备分配、质量保证措施、平安消费措施、后勤供给措施等。工程施工方案是其中的关键,间接影响到预算标价及招标的成败,招标单位要依据现场调查状况,初定几套方案停止测算、比拟。以确定合理、经济的方案。工期布置至多要比业主限定工夫提早10天,以获得标书评审中工期提早奖励得分。
Project construction organization design is one of the bases of project arrangement and supervision engineer after winning the bid. It must be superstitious, reasonable and feasible. Secondly, the construction organization design includes: the personnel structure of the project management department, the construction plan, the three-dimensional layout of the construction site, the schedule arrangement of the construction period, the distribution of labor and equipment, quality assurance measures, safe consumption measures, logistics supply measures and so on. Project construction scheme is the key, which indirectly affects the success or failure of budget bidding and bidding. The bidding unit should decide several schemes to stop calculation and comparison according to the situation of on-site investigation. To determine a reasonable and economic plan. The project schedule should be arranged at most 10 days earlier than the time limit set by the owner, so as to obtain the award score of the project schedule early in the bid evaluation.
专业代做标书
确定招标报价
Determining Bidding Quotation
招标终极报价是招标单位以标书编制的预算价(标价爲根底,综合思索各种要素后对预算标价进一步修订的报价,可以在标书中列报,也可以以降价函的方式另报。招标单位招标终极报价普通要占整个招标书分值的60%~70%,对能否中标将发生间接影响。所以,一定要依据所唱工程预算仔细剖析、重复比拟,以使所确定的终极报价大限制地接近优报价(得满分的报价,进步中标率。以下依据投标刚工程报价类型的不同,就如何确定终极报价辨别阐述。
The final bidding quotation is the budgetary price prepared by the tendering unit based on the tender document (the tender price is the basis of which, after considering various factors comprehensively, the tender price can be further revised. It can be reported in the tender document or in the form of a price reduction letter. The final bidding quotation of the bidding unit usually accounts for 60%-70% of the total tender score, which will have an indirect impact on the success of the tender. Therefore, we must carefully analyze and repeat the comparison according to the project budget, so that the final quotation determined can be as close as possible to the optimal quotation (quotation with full marks, and improve the winning rate). According to the different types of tender quotation, how to determine the final quotation is elaborated.
合理标是工程招招标常用的根本方式,所谓合理标就是业主依据工程设计预算,制定收工程投标标底,招标单位的招标终极报价与业主的标底相比拟,误差在业主限定的合理范围之内的招标单位,才有资历中标。招标单位的招标终极报价与标底的误差在限定的范围内(普通爲-20%~+10%者,即爲“入围”。确定候选中标单位资历后,业主将组织人员片面评审入围单位的招标书,计算出招标单位的全体得分。相反招标单位的终极报价不在限定范围之内者,即爲“飞标”,此类招标单位已无资历中标。合理标的优报价普通是稍低于业主的标底(-5%~-8%的报价,能够是一个范围,也能够是一个确定的数。所以,招标单位要以正确的预算爲根底,仔细剖析研讨业主标底的能够范围,计算出招标优报价即爲招标终极报价。
Reasonable bidding is the most basic way of Engineering bidding. The so-called reasonable bidding is that the owner formulates the base of project bidding according to the engineering design budget. The final bidding quotation of the bidding unit is comparable with the base of the owner's bidding. Only the bidding unit whose error is within the reasonable range limited by the owner can win the bidding qualification. The error between the final bidding quotation and the base bid of the tendering unit is within a limited range (usually - 20% ~+10%, that is "shortlisted". After confirming the qualifications of the candidate winning bidder, the owner will organize personnel to unilaterally evaluate the bidding documents of the winning bidder and calculate the total score of the bidding unit. On the contrary, if the final quotation of the bidding unit is not within the limit, it is called "flying tender". Such bidding unit has no qualifications to win the bid. The optimal quotation for a reasonable tender is generally a little lower than the owner's base price (- 5%-8%). It can be a range or a certain number. Therefore, the bidding unit should take the correct budget as the foundation, carefully analyze and discuss the scope of the owner's bottom bidding, and calculate the optimal bidding price is the final bidding price.
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